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Identification and protection of refugees in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama, Mexico
- Costa Rica
- El Salvador
- In Central America and Mexico, the Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework (CRPSF) â€“ a regional version of the CRRF - builds on existing regional responsibility sharing mechanisms, and aims to address the root causes of forced displacement and to strengthen protection and solutions for those affected. Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama and Mexico are looking at how they can strengthen the identification and protection of refugees, internally displaced people and deportees with protection needs, improve access to livelihood opportunities and services, and strengthen reception and national asylum systems. They are preparing national action plans that together with commitments from donors and cooperating states will form the CRPSF to be formally adopted at a regional conference hosted by Honduras on 26-27 October 2017.
Pre-removal risk assessment
- Although not specifically designed to address the needs of children, asylum seekers whose cases have been rejected and who are expected to depart Canada can apply for protection under the Pre-Removal Risk Assessment process. This process takes into consideration a change in circumstances in asylum seekers’ countries of origin, new information demonstrating that asylum seekers will be at risk of persecution, torture or to cruel, inhuman or unusual treatment or punishment, or the possibility that asylum seekers’ lives may be otherwise endangered should they be compelled to leave Canada. The PRRA is not an appeal against earlier decisions and consideration is given only to new information or evidence. The PRRA decision is usually made on the papers. Only a very small percentage of applicants are granted the right to remain in Canada under the PRRA.